The potential possibility of the return to Pakistan of the ex-president Pervez Musharraf for the first time since he depart the country in 2016 . This has brought back a heated debate over the dictatorship that he ruled for more than 10 years.
Musharraf became president through a coup in 1999 that overthrew Nawaz Sharif’s administration. He was in his presidency for a period of time from until 2008. He resigned in 2008 to keep himself from impeachment. Since then, he’s spent the majority the time living in exile within the UK and in the Middle East.
An important partner of the US after the attacks of 9/11, his period as president was infamous for the oppression of people and a plethora of human rights violations, especially during the latter part of his term. In 2007, he dissolved the constitution, instituted martial law, dismissed his chief justice at the top court, and detain lawyers and activists and lawyers, triggering massive protests.
The 78-year old suffers from amyloidosis which is a rare condition that develops when abnormal proteins build up in the organs and disrupts normal functioning. He’s been hospitalize in the UAE over the past couple of weeks , and his family members say they don’t expect him to recover. Local news reports said that he’s stated that he would like to live all of the “rest of his life” in his country and on Tuesday, an official from the military said that this request should be accepted.
Raza Rabbani is an ex-chairman of the senate, stated that the senate chairman was opposed to the former president’s illness to be reinstated, describing the Musharraf time period as “a tale of oppression and repression of oppression in Pakistan’.
Rabbani informed The Guardian that Musharraf left his mark on the institutions weaken by his efforts to “rewrite civil-military relations in favour of the military”. He was also accused of overseeing political killings as well as “selling and bartering away Pakistanis to America and capitulating Pakistan’s interests [to the US] after 9/11”.
Musharraf once told a reporter: “I think the constitution is just a piece of paper to be thrown in the dustbin.”
Under his leadership, Sharif and another former prime minister, Benazir bhutto were ban from participating in elections and were forced to flee. Bhutto was allow to return Pakistan after receiving death threats in 2007. She said she faced the threat of Musharraf. After the return of Bhutto, Bhutto was assassinated in Rawalpindi.
Musharraf came back from self-imposed exile in the month of March 2013. He was exiled from the country in a flimsy bid to run for a seat during the 2013 general elections. Legal proceedings for high-treason against him began in 2014. However, in 2016 Musharraf was granted permission out of the country due to medical reasons which was widely believed to be an indication of the government accepting the military establishment.
Harris Khalique, the secretary general of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan and the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, claimed that Musharraf has aid in the riots that took place on 11 May that occurr in Karachi in 2007 in which 48 people were killed. Khalique also claimed Musharraf of inciting the forced disappearances of political dissidents and unleashing an insurgency within Balochistan when the military launched an operation within the provincial.
Musharraf’s advocates say that private media progressed under his administration, however journalists Hamid Mir claim that the introduction of private media actually took place under Bhutto.
“What Musharraf did instead was to introduce systematic censorship,” stated Mir. “All private channels were blocked by the military regime in November 2007 for covering restoration of the judiciary movement.”
Aasim Sajjad Akhtar writer and political activist, stated that Musharraf was able to earn “bounties” from Washington by adhering to”the “war on terror”. Musharraf permitted drone strikes on tribal areas in the past and also provid safe haven for certain groups that were part of members of the Afghan Taliban.
“Like all dictators before him, Musharraf was booted from power unceremoniously, and his family’s desperate attempts to bring him back to Pakistan on his death are a sorry indictment of both the military establishment’s overarching power, and its refusal to relinquish it,” Akhtar declared.
In the year 2019 Musharraf was declared guilty of Treason by suspending his constitution as well as imposition of emergency regulations in 2007. The court sentenced him to execution. The sentence was later reversed.
Khalique declared that Musharraf should be permitt to return to Pakistan on humanitarian grounds and said that Pakistan should create an inquiry into truth and reconciliation to commemorate the 75th anniversary of its Pakistan’s independence on August.
“Set the historical history straight, make progress and concentrate on the wrongs committed by both dictators and despotic civilians in the years since Ayub Khan. A look back at the last 70 years” He said.